Women who have diabetes have an increased risk of developing cancer than men suffering from the condition, research shows.
The authors, who reviewed 47 studies involving almost 20 million people, warned the gender differences were “not insignificant” and needed addressing.
The research by The George Institute for Global Health, an affiliate of the University of Oxford, found women with diabetes are 27% more likely to develop cancer than women without the condition.
Diabetes among men was linked with a 19% higher risk, according to the findings published in journal Diabetologia.
Overall, the researchers found women with diabetes are 6% more likely to develop any form of cancer than men with diabetes.
Co-author Dr Sanne Peters, of the George Institute, was quoted in the Telegraph as saying women are often undertreated when they first present with symptoms of diabetes, are less likely to receive intensive care and are not taking the same levels of medications as men.
“All of these could go some way into explaining why women are at greater risk of developing cancer,” he said.
Women with diabetes have an 11% higher chance of developing kidney cancer, 13% higher chance of oral cancer, 14% higher chance of stomach cancer and 15% higher chance of leukaemia compared to men with the condition.
However, they had a 12% lower chance of liver cancer than men with diabetes.