The content of this article has been supplied by William Russell, the specialist international health provider. More information is available here.
While it’s easy to picture the excitement of being somewhere new, the reality can be very different. As an expat, you might face problems that you may not have previously encountered, and which could affect your mental health.
What does it meant to be mentally healthy?
Mental health refers to your overall psychological well-being and it includes the way you feel about yourself, the quality of your relationships, and your ability to manage your feelings and deal with difficulties.
Good mental health isn’t just the absence of mental health problems. Being mentally or emotionally healthy is much more than being free of psychological issues such as depression, anxiety, or other. Rather than the absence of mental illness, mental health refers to the presence of positive characteristics.
Top tips for good mental health
In 2012, a ground-breaking study (1) explored the levels of stress faced by expatriates. It found that expats were three times as likely to express or endorse feelings of being trapped or depressed. On a broader level, 50% of expats surveyed were found to be at a high risk of internalising problems, such as anxiety and depression.
The tricky thing for expats is differentiating between the very normal process of cultural adjustment – which takes time and some patience, but which often resolves itself – versus difficulties adjusting that don’t seem to be getting better over time, or where suffering is taking a toll in other areas of life and so requires attention.”
Dana Nelson PH.D, American psychotherapist based in Lyon, France. She produces a series of podcasts for The Mindful Expat (2), which seek to highlight the issues facing people who move overseas.
So, what are some of the challenges that you might face when moving to a new country?
Top of the list for many is being homesick – even if you are really looking forward to living abroad you may miss family, friends, or simply the everyday life that you were used to.
You may also experience the fear that everyone at home will quickly forget you. Some choose not to share these fears with their usual confidants because they want them to think they’re new life is perfect and that they’ve made the right decision in moving.
What can you do about it?
* Seek a connection. Attending a language class or joining an activity group is a great way of learning to love something about a new country as well as making friends (3) locally
* Set some boundaries. Don’t compromise on quality time (4) with your family or doing other things that are important to you
* Remember to sleep and exercise. Physical activity (5) and sleep (6) have both been linked to mental wellbeing
* Ask for advice. Join online communities and ask for advice well before you go, and find out about what issues you’re likely to encounter in your chosen destination. Expat Forum (7), Expat Exchange (8), The Expat Partner’s Survival Guide (9) and Mumsnet (10) are all great sources of information
* Treat your mind like your body. Find out what help is available locally in case you ever have need of it and time is not readily available. Help can be sourced through the International Therapist Directory (11)
* Recognise expat depression. Being able to act on negative feelings is an essential part of the expat’s toolkit. If you feel depressed and suspect that you may be suffering any mental health issue, seek help at the earliest opportunity
Money can also be a worry when you move abroad, particularly early on when you will have to make a lot of payments on essential items and deposits. You may also have to wait for items such as furniture to be shipped from home, and incur extra expenses to source similar ‘comforts’ while you wait for your own to arrive.
The unique, and often unexpected, pressures associated with living abroad can come as a shock, which could lead to mental health issues, stoked by feelings of isolation – which, in turn, can stem from a fear of confiding in other expats or loved ones back at home.
So, some good forward planning can go a long way to help mitigate these challenges, with online forums like Expat Forum (7), Expat Exchange (8), The Expat Partner’s Survival Guide (9) and Mumsnet (10) helping paint a realistic picture of what life will really be like.
The information provided in this article is designed as a guide and reference point to what you might expect in Dubai. Please be sure to check any information with local Dubai authorities to ensure information is valid and timely.